What We Do > Sectors & Practice Areas


Governance can be defined as "the process of decision-making and the process by which decisions are implemented (or not implemented)" (UNESCAP, 2009). We are most concerned with how a state relates to its citizens thus a main focus is in how state institutions function and are accountable to people. We consider that governance can be reflected in three dimensions: the capability of the state to get things done, the responsiveness of the state and leaders to citizens’ demands and rights, and the ability of citizens to hold leader and public institutions to account (DFID, 2011).

Governance is a critical area in an international sphere to ensure political legitimacy and sustainable economic growth. It is also critical for citizens and communities, the marginalised in particular – women, youth, the disabled, people living in poverty – to ensure their voices are heard and decision-makers are held accountable. Good governance strengthens accountability, improves government performance and organisational capacity.

We have a wealth of experience in managing both the demand side (civil society, private sector) and supply side (government) of governance. We support the design and implementation of policy initiatives, business cases and programmes; conduct political economy analysis including governance analysis and peace and conflict impact assessments; facilitate multi-stakeholder participation in decision making, implementation and monitoring & evaluation; analyse political, economic and social policy and establish monitoring systems; promote gender equality and women’s empowerment; and design, monitor, evaluate and learn from governance programmes. Based on thorough understanding of the incentives, interests, and political economy inherent to policy development and implementation, we work with national, regional, and local governments in the areas of political participation, public administration, decentralisation and local government reforms, human rights, accountability, transparency and anti-corruption to identify and foster engagement between citizens and their government, recognising that both the supply and demand for good governance is necessary to initiate change.

We are conversant in current governance thinking. Most recently we have been applying Problem-Driven Iterative Adaptation (PDIA) approaches to our design, implementation and evaluation work across a range of governance programmes. We also take a Human Rights Based Approach to our work engaging with clients on its importance. We are making use of new digital technologies in our governance work in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. We are also focused on fragile and conflict-affected states, and this is where achieving good governance finds its biggest challenge. We have an experience-based knowledge and understanding of both the opportunities and risks associated with supporting citizens, civil society and emerging governments in these volatile environments.

Abdul Rahim

Raghwesh Ranjan


  • DFID: Odisha Modernizing Economy, Governance and Administration Programme (OMEGA) (Odisha, India) (2010-2017)

    OMEGA intends to improve Government of Odisha's (GoO's) functioning on its schemes and programmes; help in promotion and facilitation of investments in the state, and build capacity for revenue mobilisation and expenditure management. We have been providing design, implementation & programme management support to OMEGA since the year 2010 through to 2017. We are assisting Government of Odisha (GoO) and its various departments namely Departments of Finance (DoF); Planning and Coordination (DoPC); Industries (DoI); Panchayati Raj (DoPR); and Food Supplies and Consumer Welfare (DoFS&CW) to enhance private sector investments in industries and infrastructure with environmental and social safeguards; enhance capacity to mobilise revenue and manage expenditure; and improve implementation and delivery of selected poverty alleviation programmes that enhance access to employment and food, and build climate resilience. We are supporting analysis of key constraints, and improving government systems and capacities so that all available resources can be used most effectively.

  • DFID: Impact Evaluation of Westminster Foundation for Democracy (WFD), Global (2013-2015)

    The Government of United Kingdom is providing support to WFD to contribute to the strengthening of democratic governance through building capable, accountable and responsive institutions in at least four post-conflict/ fragile states and five emerging/transitional democracies. We have conducted the evaluation to assess 'WFD's effectiveness in contributing towards its intended outcome of making the parliaments and political parties it works with, more effective, accountable and representative. The evaluation has been conducted through parliamentary strengthening programmes and political party assistance initiatives. The outcome of an evaluation is an assessment of what results WFD's programmes have yielded or are contributing to, in countries where it works, set out lessons to be learned; and provide recommendations for WFD's future implementation including evidence for the Government of UK's future decisions on democratic assistance in post-conflict countries.

  • DFID: Human Rights Protection in Tanzania (2014 – 2017)

    DFID is supporting and strengthening the capacity of the Tanzanian Legal and Human Rights Centre (LHRC) with a focus on establishing a nationwide tracking of civil and political rights, and strengthening the advocacy for protection of these rights. We are supporting LHRC to strengthen internal research and analysis methodologies, knowledge management processes, and information dissemination; developing with LHRC as the product owner, a specific tracking methodology to monitor and report, civil and political rights incidents and track and analyse long-term trends through regular 'tracking reports'; and working to improve the ability of LHRC, Zanzibar Legal Services Centre (ZLSC), and their wider network of human rights organisations and activists, to develop research and disseminate strategies related to the protection of civil and political rights in Tanzania.

To view complete project list, click here.

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